Table saws are obviously some very useful tools. After all, any carpenter or woodworker would probably be lost without one of them. They are used for making joints, crosscuts, ripping, and making all kinds of other cuts.
The thing is that a table saw is a high powered tool with a very sharp and very fast spinning blade. This means that there is obviously a certain amount of danger involved. One of these dangerous aspects is something called kickback. So, what is kickback and how can it be prevented?
Kick back on a table saw occurs when a piece of wood or other material gets caught in the saw blade and gets launched backwards at you. This happens when the teeth of blade get caught in the wood, thus digging into it slightly and causing it to fly up off of the table and right at you.
Tablesaw kickback can occur due to a number of reasons. One thing that can cause kickback is if you are not using a push stick or holding the wood down properly. You need to have a firm grip on the wood and apply a decent amount of downward pressure to the work piece.
The saw blade can easily cut through wood, but there needs to be pressure applied. Kickback can also be caused by warped or bent wood. The warped wood won’t be straight after the cut, which can result in the wood closing behind the blade and pinching it, thus causing kickback.
Moreover, table saw kickback can also be caused by a dull or warped blade. This is because if the blade is not straight or sharp enough, it won’t have the smooth cutting power to make it through the piece. Instead of cutting a piece of wood, a dull or warped saw blade will get caught in it, thus launching it up off of the table. Also, a piece of hardwood with a really bad knot in it can also get caught on a slower moving saw blade, thus causing it to lift up off of the table top.
Kickback can also occur when the rip fence is not aligned perfectly parallel to the blade. The fence is what you rest one side of the work piece on while you feed it through the blade.
However, a crooked or misaligned fence will cause the wood to be fed through the blade crookedly instead of straight. When the teeth then hit the wood at an angle, it can cause kickback. As you can see, kickback can be caused by a variety of things. Luckily there are some easy fixes and preventative measures you can use to ensure that this does not happen.
Here we actually have a video of kickback in progress. As you can clearly see, it’s pretty dangerous!
Here are some good tips you can follow in order to help prevent table saw kickback. Remember, the difference between following these tips and ignoring them could very well mean a lost eye, a broken facial bone, or your fingers or hands being pulled into the blade.
We aren’t going to go into too much detail here, but a riving knife and splitter are very similar thins which more or less have the same purpose. The riving knife or splitter is designed to keep the cut open once the blade has passed through it.
Kickback can be caused when the freshly cut piece of wood does not split properly, thus closing on the blade, getting caught on it, and ultimately causing kickback. The riving knife or splitter will ensure that the cut stays wide open and that the two resulting cut pieces don’t close on the blade. The splitter will also be able to take care of bent or warped wood which can close on the blade.
Here we actually have a little video on how to prevent table saw kickback!
Remember that kickback is not just a myth. It is something very real and it can be extremely dangerous. So, always use caution, make sure your table saw is set up properly, use the necessary tools, and always be safe. It only takes one slip or one stray piece of wood to turn a creative day into a trip to the hospital!
The motor of your table saw is one of the most important components. Sure, the blade does the cutting, but without the motor nothing happens.
There are a few different things which may be causing problems with your table saw motor, some of which can be fixed and some which cannot. Let’s go over the different problems you may be experiencing and see if they warrant a quick fix or replacement.
Before we get started, the most important thing to keep in mind is that if it is easier to replace the motor or the whole table saw all together, rather than replacing various parts or maintaining it.
One of the very first things that you need to check is the power supply. Yes, this is an obvious point to make, and yet it seems to be a problem that many people encounter. If the motor is not working, make sure that the table saw is plugged in, that the wiring is good, and that the outlet in question is supplying your table saw with electricity.
The problem could be as simple as having forgotten to plug the saw in. Maybe the circuit breaker is in the off position, or maybe a fuse has blown, in which case you need to trip the circuit or replace the fuse. If the wiring in the power cord has gone bad, you will need to replace the cord, something which is probably best done by a professional.
Something else you will want to check regarding the power supply is if the overload switch on your saw has been tripped. The overload switch will turn the motor on your table saw off if it has been struggling with a job, getting too hot, or receiving too much power from an overloaded outlet, all to stop the motor from burning up. The easy solution to this is to switch the overload switch back so the motor can receive power once again.
Keep in mind that if your overload switch has been triggered, it is because the saw is struggling with a job. Your table saw motor may be struggling because you have been using it for too long, or maybe the material you are trying to cut is putting up a fight. Either way, turning the saw off to let it rest might be all that you need to do to get it running again.
If your table saw motor continues to struggle when you turn it back on, or with other jobs, especially easy jobs, then it might be due to other deeper issues, some of which may be fixed, and some of which may require the replacement of the motor.
If your motor is struggling because of something as simple as cutting a few pieces of wood for 10 minutes, then there is definitely a more serious problem which will not be fixed simply by letting the saw rest for a while. If your motor is still making a bunch of weird noises, producing odd smells, or just not turning the blade, you will need to refer to the next sections in this guide, and it may actually be time to replace it all together.
Using the model of your table saw as a guide, you can find the appropriate user manual for your specific make. If you don’t have a detailed owner’s manual for your table saw handy, you can always go to the manufacturer’s website.
The manual should give you a parts list with diagrams of each part, or it should even give you an exploded view of the whole motor and saw with all individual parts pointed out.
You should absolutely know the ins and outs of your table saw and the motor, including ever single part, for you to be able to fix the motor yourself.
One of the reasons as to why the motor on your table saw may be smelling funny, making weird noises, creating smoke may be due to a buildup of sawdust and other grit. This sawdust and grime can collect on the housing of the motor, on the air intake, on the gears, and other mechanisms.
This happens naturally because when you cut wood, it creates sawdust that floats around in the air. Not all of the sawdust that is created will be collected by your shop-vac or by the collection mechanism, and that excess sawdust can end up invading the various parts of your table saw motor. The solution to this problem is fairly simple.
First of all, take off the housing that surrounds the motor. When doing this make sure that the table saw is unplugged. Use a damp cloth or a stiff bristle brush to clean out any gunk and sawdust that has accumulated in the motor.
When you are doing this make sure that you get all grit off of the blade, in the blade arbor, around the motor, the fan, and the shaft. If you have seen sparks and smoke, make sure that you check all electrical wiring and junction boxes to make sure that you have cleaned all of the sawdust away from any electrical parts, as electricity plus sawdust will result in smoke, smell, and a potential fire. This should get rid of any smoke, funny smells, or sparks.
Also, a starter switch may be plugged by grit, which may be a reason for your table saw not working, in which case cleaning the grit out of the starter should do the trick.
Since you already have the table saw open and taken apart, it is a good opportunity to check that no wiring has melted or ripped. If the problem is that your table saw just won’t work, a broken or melted wire may be the cause.
If wires are not connected, the simplest solution is to make sure that they are connected properly. However, if the wires are damaged, if you know how to solder, wires are pretty easy to replace, but we would recommend having a professional do this.
On a side note, if the electrical components are severely damaged, it may warrant a complete overhaul or even the replacement of the motor.
Another cause of motor troubles may be that there are loose components, broken parts, or loose screws. If your table saw motor makes a loud clunking or ticking noise, it could be due to a dented fan or a misaligned shaft. If the fan is dented, it can be replaced with a new fan.
If the shaft is misaligned, you can try to align it yourself or get professional help to get it aligned properly. The bottom line is that dented, torn, or simply broken components can cause your motor to not run properly.
The thing to remember here is that while it may be cost effective to replace one or two smaller parts, there are some parts that are going to be very expensive to replace. The bottom line is that it may be more cost-effective to get a new table saw or table saw motor than it is to pay for the labour and various replacement parts.
Technically this is not a problem with the motor itself, but the motor connects to the belt drive, which connects to the belt, which drives the pulley and ultimately turns the blade.
If the blade is not turning or making excessive noise, it could be due to a worn belt drive, a worn out or broken belt, a damaged pulley, or loose connections between any of those things. When you open up your saw, check that all of those parts are in working order, and if they aren’t you will need to replace them.
These parts are usually pretty cheap to replace, that is except for the belt drive. If the belt drive is worn, a part that is directly connected to the motor, you will probably need professional help to get it fixed or replaced.
In some cases, the belt drive is so intricately linked to the table saw motor that replacing or fixing it can be nearly impossible and therefore will require you to spring for a new motor all together.
Not all table saw motors use belts and these are called direct drive motors. In this case, you need to make sure that the brushes are not getting in the way of the motor. This is one of the most common things that can go wrongs with smaller hand held saws and table saws.
These brushes are fairly small, and their function is to pass on electrical current, but they can’t interfere with the motor, which they will do when they are worn out or broken. Some models will tell you when the brushes need to be replaced.
If the problem with your motor has to do with the brushes of the direct drive motor, you can replace them, or have them replaced fairly easily, which means that you don’t need to buy a new motor. Once again, just refer to your user’s manual for the exact type of brush that you need to get, and if you don’t know how to do it yourself, you can always get it done at a shop.
If the capacitor is not working, your table saw will probably get really hot, start producing smoke. When the capacitor isn’t working, you will generally be able to tell right away thanks to the humming or choking noise it makes, along with the smoke and heat.
To make sure that the capacitor is indeed a problem you can use a volt-ohm meter to measure the electricity levels. Set the meter at RX100 to measure the connections in your motor. If there is a reading of 0, it means that there is a short circuit, and if the reading jumps right from 0 to really high numbers, or changes frequently, there is probably an open circuit.
In either case, this means that you will need to replace the capacitor. Referring to the user’s manual, identify where in the motor the capacitor is, identify the exact model, and go buy one. If you are having trouble swapping it out by yourself, simply seek professional assistance.
If you aren’t too up to speed with the inner workings of your table saw , or with electrical things in general, you can always have it looked at by a specialist.
Keep in mind that if parts are dented or broken, they can be replaced, if parts are clogged with grit and sawdust, they can be cleaned out, and if there is an electrical failure, you may be able to swap out variable parts to get the electricity flowing again.
The key rule to keep in mind here is that if some issues can’t be fixed or replaced, or replacing various parts of your motor comes in at a higher price than buying a new motor would cost, it’s probably better to buy a new motor. That goes on to say that if buying a new motor is more expensive than the whole table saw cost in the first place, you’re probably better off just buying a new table saw .
While table saws and a lot of other power tools come with an integrated dust collection system, most of them don’t work that effectively. Along with a blade guard, the dust collector system with dust collection hose does its job to a certain degree but it’s not always enough. Even doing a little light woodworking in the dining room will soon result in it becoming sawdust city with wood dust and debris getting all over the dining chair cushions, the dining chairs, and the floor with the air flow becoming affected leaving a lot of vacuuming required afterward. And as any good carpenter knows, keeping the floors and machines in your workspace free from debris is essential for your safety. Not only will it help you see better and be safer as you work but getting the fine dust and particles out of the air is better for your long-term health. So, what are you to do when you want to prevent your workshop or job site from getting covered in sawdust? If you have a shop vac or duct system that just isn’t cutting it, here and five effective tips you can try:
A shop vac is one of the best ways to clean up a lot of wood chips and debris. In fact, a lot of table saws have built-in ports so you can attach a shop vac right to them. This lets you collect the chips as you’re working and, in theory, can save you from making a bigger mess.
As we’ve mentioned, though, these ports are not usually reliable. In fact, even among some of the most popular table saws, inadequate dust collection is one of the biggest complaints. That said, there are a few things you can try to make them more efficient. First of all, get a universal adapter to make sure the connection is secure and won’t leak. Alternatively, you may have to invest in a better shop vac filter to keep collected dust from recirculating.
While an air filtration system won’t do much to collect the large pieces of wood chips that get thrown around, it’s a very effective way to eliminate any fine dust particles floating around in the air. This keeps your lungs safe from breathing in sawdust which could have major health impacts in the long run. An air filtration system will also protect your equipment from being constantly covered in a fine coating of dust, too.
While these devices work hard to eliminate the sawdust from the air, they aren’t quite strong enough to pull in particles from all the way across the room. That’s why the spot where you put your device is so important.
One great trick? Make sure you place it so the exhaust works as a fan, circulating air and allowing the particles to travel to the filtration device rather than counting on the filtration device to suck up all the particles. This is a really economical option because it lets you use something you already own in a new way.
You can also place fans strategically around the workshop to keep the air moving but make sure they’re blowing in the direction of the intake of the filtration system. Otherwise, you’re just blowing the dust around.
Keep in mind that your air filtration device is going to take a while to get its job done. Leave it running for awhile after you’ve finished working. If you have a large workshop or your dust problem continues, consider getting a second device to help clear the air.
If you have the means, installing a dust collection system complete with ductwork is one way to get major results. There are plenty of resources available online that demonstrate how to construct one on your own or you can have a specialist come in and help you set up a professional grade system. If you already have one and are still having problems or if you can’t afford to make such a big investment, you can always try to…
Whether you have extensive duct work or you’ve built a hose system connecting all your tools to your shop vac, where you place your tools around the circuit makes a difference. Try putting your table saw closest to the source of the suction, be it the collector or the shop vac. This ensures that it will get the most powerful suction possible. Chips don’t have to go as far which means they’re more likely to be effectively collected.
After your table saw, prioritize your other tools as you connect them to the system. Anything you use a lot should be closer to the collection system itself why those tools you only use occasionally should be the farthest away. Remember, the shorter the distance the dust has to travel, the more likely it is to be effectively collected.
If you have ductwork in place, check that everything is properly connected. Keep the length as short as you can because the shorter the distance the sawdust has to travel, the more effective collection will be. Not only will debris have less distance to travel, it will also be closer to the collector. Use rigid ductwork when you can because it has less air resistance and won’t kink.
As for the collector, there are a few things you can check to make sure it’s running optimally. First of all, clean the filter as often as you can. Next, avoid fabric collection bags when you can. They can allow more dust to escape back into the air than a canister filter.
Sometimes, there won’t be much you can do to tweak your collector. In this case, you may need to consider getting a more powerful one. It might be worth having a professional come in to make sure your ductwork is adequate. He could also recommend a collector that has the right capacity for your system.
If you have a problem with your table saw and dust collection in your workshop, rest assured: You are not alone. Dust collection ports on table saws and other large power tools are notoriously ineffective. By following these five effective tips, you should see a vast improvement in the way your work space looks at the end of the day. Work safer and breathe easier by making these effective changes and getting your table saw dust collection under control.
Have you been experiencing problems with your table saw? Maybe it doesn’t cut straight, maybe it moves around, or maybe there is a whole lot of vibration. Well, today we’re here to help you solve the problem of a table saw that vibrates way too much, an issue that can end up causing crooked and unclean cuts.
Vibrations may be caused by several different things, and we’re going to walk you through each of those causes and how to solve them as well.
Unfortunately, these are tools that are built to be lightweight for portability, but that light build can cause a whole lot of movement. That may not be the only problem, so let’s get to it and talk about all of the different ways in which you may be able to reduce vibration.
Since table saw vibration can be caused by several different things, this is not going to be a straightforward one step tutorial on how to stop it. Getting rid of excessive vibration may require a bit of trial and error to figure out what is going on. Follow these simple tests and steps, and you should have no problem at all getting rid of that pesky vibration.
One of the things that can cause your table saw to vibrate excessively is a lack of weight in the base. The lighter your table saw is, the more it is likely to vibrate. This problem is perhaps the easiest to fix because all you really need to do is to use a ballast to weigh down the frame.
One of the easiest things to do is to attach some plywood onto the frame to make it just a little heavier and sturdier too. Other options that you can go with to make the base a little heavier include using things like sandbags, concrete blocks, and paver stones.
If you want to have the maximum amount of control regarding how much weight you put onto the base, you can even cast your own concrete slabs which are the perfect weight and shape to weigh down the base of the table saw and stop all vibration.
There is, of course, another option that you can go with to weight down your table saw, which is building your own frame and base to attach to the saw. Remember that if you do build your own base, you need to make sure that the fasteners which hold the saw to the base are very tight because if the fasteners are not tight enough the saw will still vibrate.
As you can see in the image below, building a base can help stop vibration, plus it can help make your saw more portable too. If your table saw is heavy enough to avoid vibration you can move on to the next cause of the vibration.
Another thing that may cause your table saw to vibrate excessively while you use it is runout. If you aren’t sure what runout is, it is when your saw blade does not spin straight in a perfect circle. If your saw blade deviates up or down, or also left or right while it turns, something that can cause a whole lot of vibration, cause crooked cuts, and can end up being quite dangerous too.
You can test to see if there is excessive runout by placing a dial indicator on the arbor, something that can measure the runout. If the dial shows that there is a runout of over .0015, you have a problem.
Perhaps the easiest solution to this problem is to buy a new blade which is more adequate for the table saw which you have. If you don’t want to replace the blade you can always try following manufacturer instructions to align the blade properly.
Straightening out the blade should result in less vibration. Aligning the saw blade will most likely involve loosening a few bolts which attach the blade to the trunnions and to the saw. Loosen the bolts, tap the saw blade into its proper position, and then re-tighten them.
If the runout on your table saw is not the problem, it may be the balance which is causing the vibration issue. You can refer to the YouTube video below for exact instructions on how to check the runout of your table saw.
Yet another problem that may cause too much vibration in your table saw is if it is off balance. This is a problem that will most likely be caused by a crooked or off-center base. To correct this problem you can use a bubble or laser level to make sure that the base is straight. The base should be as straight as humanly possible to reduce vibration.
Moreover, when using a vertical table saw the upper mechanism which houses the blade needs to be perfectly vertical. Once again you can make sure that the mechanism which houses the blade is straight using a bubble or laser level. Making everything as straight and properly level as possible should help to stop vibrations. If your table saw is perfectly balanced and aligned, then it may be either the belt or the pulley which is causing the problem.
Other things that may cause your table saw to vibrate too much include the pulley and the belt. The belt is what is attached to the motor, and it is attached to the pulley that makes the saw blade spin. First of all, the belt may be the cause of vibration, in which case it could be due to a belt that is not attached to the motor or the pulley properly, or a belt that is simply old and worn out past the point of all repair.
To solve this problem you can try making sure that the belt is properly attached on either side, or if the belt is worn out too much you may just need to replace it. Furthermore, if the belt is not the problem, then the only other real cause of the vibration problem would be the pulley.
You need to make sure that the pulley is firmly attached and that it is properly aligned, plus that the belt is well attached to the pulley. If the pulley is the problem, follow the manufacturer’s instructions on how to align the pulley on the specific table saw which you have.
Once again, if you have an older table saw, the pulley may be worn out or damaged, in which case it will need replacing. Generally speaking, the same goes for all of the parts of your table saw, meaning that if they can’t be properly aligned, they may be damaged and in need of replacement.
As you can see, excessive table saw vibration can be caused by a wide variety of factors, and the only way to determine which one it is, is to do some trial and error to test it out. By all means a table saw should not vibrate when you use it, at least not very much, because it can cause bad cuts, may damage the structure of your saw over time, and can actually be quite dangerous too.
To stop vibrations, you need to check all of the possible causes above and work your way down the list as you eliminate potential suspects. A vibration free table saw is one that will serve you well and help you get the job done without question.
Table saws are of course one of the most frequently utilized tools when working with wood, because after all, there is a whole lot that they can do. They are great tools to have and very convenient too, but that is not to say that they don’t have their own problems. One of the biggest problems that you may be experiencing with your table saw is that of excessive noise.
You might be thinking that yeah, it’s a table saw, so it’s going to be loud, because yes it does involve a loud motor and a blade ripping through wood at high speeds, but there is an acceptable level of noise and there is an unacceptable amount.
Maybe you think that your table saw is making an excessive amount of noise, and that may very well be the case. Well, excessive table saw noise can be due to a number of reasons, and therefore there are a number of different solutions too. Keep reading to find out exactly how you can deal with table saw noise.
One of the reasons for excessive noise when using your table saw is because the table is too light. Your table saw table may just be too light in general, which can result in excessive vibration and movement, both of which translate into noise.
For this reason, it is a good idea to get a table that is fairly heavy. On the other hand, if you are building your own table for your saw, be sure to use fairly heavy materials so that the whole table is weighed down adequately.
If you already have your table and it is making a bunch of noise, you can try weighing it down yourself. The easiest way to do this is to attach a few extra pieces of wood to the legs of the table or the underside of the table (where it won’t be in the way of any moving parts or machinery).
If your table saw table has a floor base, you can also weight down the base by putting things like concrete blocks, bricks, or cinder blocks on the base. However when doing this, keep in mind that parts which are not firmly secured to the table saw may rattle around and cause their own noise, so make sure to firmly attach anything that you are using to weight the table down with.
On a side note, if there is excessive vibration and therefore excessive noise, you can also use some insulation to reduce the transfer of movement from one object to another, thus reducing the overall noise level. You can try using a rubber pad and place it under your table saw stand, which will help to absorb the vibration.
Another option is to use rubber feet on your table saw stand or table. Remember that rubber will be able to absorb quite a lot of vibration. You can also try using small pieces of rubber and place them around the bolts at all points of connection, thus reducing the transfer of vibration and noise from one piece of your table to another.
This actually brings us to our next point of rattling, vibration, and things not being attached securely.
Another reason as to why your table saw may be making excessive noise is because of things being loose and not attached firmly. This goes for everything in your whole set up. First of all, make sure that all of the various pieces within the table saw itself are firmly attached.
If the blade is not attached firmly or the saw itself is not attached to the table well, they will vibrate and cause noise, not to mention that it also makes it harder to make straight cuts. Vibration and noise can also be produced if the various parts of your table are not firmly secured to each other.
This can even go so far as being caused by the whole table, if it vibrates when in use and makes noise due to rubbing against the floor. The easiest solution to this noise causing problem is to make sure that all bolts are tightly secured and that there is no movement in between various pieces of your table saw and the table.
If your table is too light you may even need to bolt it to the ground to minimize noise and vibration. The bottom line is that noise can be reduced by making sure that everything is secure and attached as tightly as possible.
Another thing that could be causing your table saw to be excessively loud is an old, broken, or worn out belt. The belt is the piece in your table saw which is attached to the motor on one end and to the pulley of the saw on the other end, thus resulting in the movement of the saw blade. Belts are pretty fragile and they do wear out over time.
Therefore one cause of noise may simply be that your belt needs replacing. The part of the belt where one end has been connected to the other to form the loop is a place of contention. This point of connection is especially vulnerable to wearing out, and this happens in the form of a lump that forms at this point of junction. There is nothing that you can do to fix this, and thus you will need to replace the belt.
There may be another problem with the belt, which is that it may be loose and not attached properly to either end, those ends being the pulley or the motor. If this is the case, you can open up your table saw and make sure that the belt is firmly attached to the belt drive and the pulley respectively.
Keep in mind that a lack of attachment or alignment may also be caused due to the belt being worn out. If you align it properly and it starts making a lot of noise again shortly after you have done so, you may need to replace the belt. You can get special V-belts that are specially designed to reduce noise and vibration.
Not only is a loose blade very dangerous because it may eventually come completely unattached and tear a slice right through you, or at the very least vibrate and cause bad cuts, but a loose blade will also cause the saw to make excessive noise. The solution to this is to make sure that everything which attaches the blade to the housing is firmly secured, thus minimizing vibration and noise.
This noise problem can also be caused by a blade, or the housing, when it has simply been used for too long, thus degrading the connection points. In this case you may have to replace the blade as well as the various parts which attach the blade to the housing.
On a side note, a dull blade can also cause excessive noise as it struggles to cut through wood. One easy solution to this problem is to sharpen the blade, or if the blade is worn down past all points of return, you will need to replace it.
The pulley in your saw is the piece which is attached to the belt. The belt causes the pulley to move up and down and the pulley makes the blade spin. Many newer models of table saws contain pulleys that are made out of light metals, thus automatically creating vibration and noise. These lighter pulleys are not always balanced or assembled properly, thus causing noise.
An easy solution to this problem is to open up your saw, take out the cheap pulley, and replace it with a pulley that is made out of solid steel. A good and heavy pulley will reduce vibration, wobbling, and therefore noise.
Another problem with the pulley may be that it is simply old and worn out, in which case the various moving pieced become loose, thus causing vibration, wobbling, and noise. One solution to this problem is to tighten all of the various moving parts so that they are properly aligned and only move the way they are supposed to use.
However the pulley in your table saw may be so worn out that tightening the pieces or fixing it is not an option, in which case you will need to replace it. Keep in mind that in order to replace a pulley, belt, or any other part of the saw, you will need quite an intimate knowledge of the table saw, or else risk doing something wrong which can end up causing more noise or even being dangerous.
The final reason as to why your table saw may be producing excessive noise is because of the motor. The motor of your table saw has many moving pieces, each of which can rattle or vibrate. The easiest solution to this problem is to make sure that all of the pieces in the motor are securely attached.
Moreover, the motor itself may be on its last legs, and when motors get old they start to struggle to produce the same amount of power which they once did, thus making more and more noise as they struggle to keep up. The only solution to this problem may be to replace the motor.
You will also want to make sure that the belt drive is firmly attached to the motor. Once again, either secure the belt drive better, or if it is too worn out you will need to replace it.
The fact of the matter is that table saws are going to make a fair amount of noise no matter what you do. It is a tool that has a motor, a spinning blade, and it shreds through wood at high speeds. That is just going to be noisy, plus they do create a fair amount of vibration. As you can see from the above sections, there is such thing as excessive table saw noise.
This excessive amount of noise can be caused by various things, and therefore also have various solutions. Keep in mind that these are fairly finicky tools, so if you don’t have an intimate knowledge of table saws and their inner workings, you may want to consult a professional for help.
Woodworking and carpentry are a very rewarding, you get to see the results of your own hard work at the end of the day. For you to be happy with your project, and for the project to turn out successfully, you need to follow the right steps and the right techniques to use.
One of the most important aspects of building anything with wood is how you join various pieces together. This involves using various kinds of joints and knowing when to use which joints. We are here to discuss all of the different types of joints that you can make with table saws as well as what their individual uses are.
To put it in simple terms, a joint in a piece of wood is a kind of groove or cut that is used to attach one piece of wood to another. There are many different joints that can be made with a table saw.Let’s talk about all of the different types of joints that you can make with a table saw.
One of the most common types of joints that you can make with a table saw is a dado joint. A dado is a slot or joint that is cut into a piece of wood or other materials. When you look at a dado from the sides, it has 3 sides to the cut, the left, the right, and the bottom. The dado is one of the strongest joints that you can choose to go with.
Generally speaking, a dado cut is made against the grain of wood and perpendicular to the length of the wood. Therefore, when you make a dado, you need to use your miter gauge to make a cross cut. On a side note, dados that are made with the length of the wood, or parallel to the grain of the wood, are usually called grooves.
Dados can be a stopped or blind dado, which means that it stops part way through the wood, and they can also be through dados that go from one side of the wood to the other. When making a joint that involves dados, only one of the two pieces of wood has a dado cut, the other has a rabbet cut, which is a 90 degree square cut out of the end of a piece of wood.
The piece of wood that has a rabbet in it is the piece that gets inserted into the piece of wood with a dado or groove in it. The dado and rabbet combination is most often used for cabinetry and shelf making, in doors and casement window jambs, and for shiplap planking.
In the case of cabinets, there is usually no securing method so that the shelves can be removed. In cases where the jointing is supposed to be permanent, either wood glue or screws can be used to firmly attach the two pieces of wood to each other.
A butt joint is by far the easiest to make, but then again it is also the weakest type of joint. The butt joint does not require any special cutting or shaping, nor does it generally use any type of reinforcement. A butt joint is made by simply cutting the two pieces of wood to the appropriate length and placing their ends together so that they form a 90 degree angle.
Since butt joints usually do not have much reinforcement, they are inherently weak and prone to coming apart.
There are multiple ways of attaching these butt joints to each other including with screws, nails, wood glue, dowels, knock down fasteners, and biscuit reinforcing. Of the reinforcement methods, using dowels or biscuits are of the most reliable, especially when used in combination with glue.
The most common butt joint use is for making square boxes. Butt joints can also be used when constructing square or rectangular cabinets, boxes, panels, tabletops, and drawers. Generally speaking, things that aren’t going to bear too much weight will utilise butt joints.
The mortise and tenon joint is perhaps one of the oldest types of joints around that carpenters and woodworkers have been using for well over 1,000 years. This is a fairly easy type of joint to make and can be done by hand or by machine. A mortise and tenon joint is most often used for connecting two pieces of wood to each other at a 90 degree angle.
Every mortise and tenon joint consists of two main components, those being the mortise holes and the tenon prongs. Generally speaking, the mortise hole will be placed on the width of a piece of wood along its length, either at the end or somewhere in the middle. The tenon prong is then cut out of the end of a piece of wood, effectively reducing the width and height at one end.
There are many different types, shapes, and variations of the mortise and tenon joint, way too many to list here, each of which have their own specific uses.
The Tenon prong is then inserted into the mortise hole to create a solid joint. The tenon prong will have shoulders which stop it from entering into the hole any further, but generally speaking ,the cut out for the mortise whole should be the exact same as the size of the prong to ensure a tight fit.
Both the mortise hole and the tenon prong are square in shape to stop any lateral or circular movement once they are put together. This type of joint can be strengthened with the use of glue, screws, or nails for some extra reinforcement. Ideally, the tenon prong should be one third of the thickness of the rail of the wood to be considered structurally sound.
The mortise and tenon joint can be used for a variety of applications including building boxes, adjoining various pieces of cabinets and shelves, flooring, building walls, and much more. Mortise and tenon joints are fairly strong and are thus often used when building houses.
In fact, mortise and tenon joints can also be used for metals and stone too, thus also making it an ideal house building joint.
Dovetail joints are usually considered to be some of the aesthetically pleasing types of joints, simply because they look fairly stylish. The dovetail joint is a fairly strong type of joint and is known for its tensile strength and their resistance to being pulled apart.
A dovetail joint involves cutting a series of pins, otherwise known as tendons, into one end of a board that are trapezoidal in shape, and cutting a series of tails that are trapezoidal in shape into another board.
The pins and tails can then be slid into each other from the side to create an interlocking joint that is very hard to pull apart. Often the dovetail joint is secured into place using wood glue.
People really like the dovetail joint as it does not require any mechanical fastening such as the use of nails, screws, biscuits, or any other type of reinforcement. This type of joint is a harder type of joint to make, requires a whole lot of measurement, and takes a lot of precision cutting. The dovetail joint can be cut manually, with a table saw, or with a router and dovetail jig.
There are various different types of dovetail joints, with one of the most common ones being the through dovetail joint. The through dovetail joint is where the end grain of both boards is exposed, and the pins and tails are cut all the way through from one end to another.
This is considered to be a very good looking joint and is therefore usually not concealed. This type of dovetail joint is often used for box and drawer construction.
Another type of dovetail joint is the half blind dovetail joint. This type of dovetail joint is used when the carpenter does not want the end grain of the wood to be visible from the front of the finished project. When it comes to half blind dovetail joints, the tails are encased in the sockets at the end of the board.
Unlike through dovetails, half blind dovetails involve cutting the tails into the height of the board instead of into the length, as is illustrated below. The half blind dovetail joint is most often used for things like fastening drawer fronts onto drawer sides and also for cabinet building.
Another type of dovetail joint is the sliding dovetail. This dovetail joint is used to join two pieces of wood perpendicularly to form a 90 degree angle. The sliding dovetail joint is most often used to cut attach the length of one piece of wood to the wider flat surface of another piece of wood.
This type of dovetail, instead of using several pins and tails only used one pin and one tail that are both trapezoidal in shape and thus slide into each other.
The sliding dovetail joint is quite strong because once it is slid together, it has a very high tensile strength and is virtually impossible to pull apart. A sliding dovetail joint can be reinforced by using glue, nails, or even screws if so desired and if the wood is thick enough to accommodate screws or nails.
Often the rear end of the sliding socket will be slightly tighter than the front, which makes it easy to slide in, but becomes very tight once it is fully inserted and in place, thus harder to disassemble.
The sliding dovetail joint has a number of different uses including joining cabinets to shelves, joining cabinet bottoms to sides, joining horizontal partitions to shelves, joining drawer fronts and sides, joining expandable table frames, and even joining the necks to the bodies of some guitars and violins.
The pocket hole joint is a fairly common type of joint to use. This method of joining wood is generally used to attach two pieces of wood perpendicular to each other, but it can also be used to attach the widths or heights of two pieces of wood.
Generally speaking, a pocket hole joint involves drilling one or several holes into a piece of wood at the end of one of its lengths at a 15 degree angle to penetrate through the middle of the grain of a piece of wood. This piece of wood is then put against another piece, and they are screwed together by inserting screws through the holes that have been drilled.
This type of joint is easy to make, it doesn’t require any intense measuring or mathematical skill, and it does not take much work to make. These joints can be reinforced with some glue, but they are fairly weak.
The pocket hole joint is often used for creating things like picture frames, face frames, desk frames, small cabinets and drawers, and other items which do not have to bear much weight such as small boxes.
Miter joints are fairly easy table saw joints to create and they really don’t take much time, but on the other hand, they are some of the weaker joints that you could go with. The miter joint needs to be joined together using glue wood glue, nails, or screws.
You use the miter on your table saw to cut the ends of 2 pieces of wood at a 45 degree angle. This way, when you go to join the pieces of wood, both of the 45 degree angles meet up and fit together correspondingly. This type of joint is most often used in cornering, such as when making desk frames, table frames, cabinet frames, and other types of square frames, as well as in installing crown molding.
The secret to success to any kind of woodworking project is using the right tools, procedures, and methods, with one of the most important aspects being the type of joint that you use to attach one piece of wood to another. Using the right joint for the right job will go a long way in determining how well your project turns out.
Whether it is a dado joint, a miter joint, a pocket hole joint, or a dovetail joint, it is up to you to know which one is best in specific situations. As long as you use the right table saw joint for a certain wood connecting job, you should not have any problems with your woodworking project.
Have you ever been working with a table saw and realized that there was not enough room to work with? Or maybe, have you ever wanted to rip a wide plank, but the ripping capacity of your table saw was just too low? Well, whatever the case may be, we have the right solution for you, and that comes in the form of a table saw extension.
If you are a handyman who likes to do everything yourself, you might be interested in building your own table saw extension as opposed to buying one. That way you can make a table saw extension just the way you want it, plus you can feel satisfied in knowing that you have built something useful with your own hands. With these simple steps, you can build your own table saw extension that will serve you for years to come.
A table saw extension is a piece that you can attach to either side of your table saw, or to the front and back too (in which case it is referred to as either an in feed or out feed table). A table saw extension can be either a simple supportive frame (such as the one we help you build below), or it can have a solid table top.
Either way, an extension is a valuable tool for increasing the amount of space you have to work with. It lets you work on wide or long pieces with ease thanks to the extra support that it gives any workpiece on your table saw.
With one of these things, you don’t have to hold up the workpiece where it would otherwise not be supported without an extension, thus increasing the ease, accuracy, and safety of any cutting project that you undertake.
There are a few different materials that you will need for the construction of your very own table saw extension. You don’t actually need too many things, and none of them are all that expensive either. Here are the few things you will need to make your own table saw extension.
Building your own table saw extension with the previously mentioned tools and materials is really not that hard. As long as you follow these simple steps, you will have no trouble at all.
Now it is time to assemble all of the pieces into which we have just drilled the holes. This part is very easy because all you need to do is use a wrench or ratchet, and use the bolts and nuts to secure all of the pieces together. Just refer to the picture below if you are having trouble with assembly.
Now that you have built the extension it is time to actually attach it to the table top. This is a very easy step. All you need to do is to use 2 bolts (or depending on your table saw model, screws) to attach the extension to the underside of your table saw. What size of screw or bolt you need to do this will depend on the pre-drilled holes that your table saw comes with. Keep in mind that the rails of the extension will always attach to the original table from the bottom.
A table saw extension wing is a really convenient thing to have. It gives you a lot more room to work with and can greatly increase the ripping capacity of your table saw. You could go buy a ready made extension wing, but that is going to be a lot more expensive than one that you make your own, not to mention much less rewarding too. Keep in mind that the extension table we have helped you build is a very basic one. It will allow you to work on larger pieces, but it is not the most advanced version that you could build.
Click here if you want your own DIY extension that actually has a solid top and can support more weight, or click here for a different model of extension table that you might like more. For some more info on building your own extension wing, you can also check out this video. If you have any questions or concerns about a DIY extension table, feel free to ask us anything, and we will get back to you at the first possible opportunity.
A table saw is a fantastic tool to have for any woodworker, whether you’re a DIY enthusiast or a contractor. There is a lot that goes into buying and maintaining a table saw, so you want to choose the right one, to begin with.
You may not know exactly what a table saw is, what it can do, what features they can have, what types there are, or how to maintain it. All of the queries are questions that we are going to help you answer. Let’s talk about everything there is to know about table saws so you can make the most out of your next purchase.
A table saw is a versatile wood working tool that can be used to cut wood, metals, ceramics, tiles, and sometimes other materials too. It consists of a motor powered, usually belt drive, a circular blade that spins at high speeds to cut through anything that needs cutting. These things come in many different types, sizes, and have different features too.
A table saw can be used to cut long materials or to rip longer boards down to size such as cutting a 2 x 4 in half. A table saw can be modified to work as a wood jointer for straightening crooked pieces and for evening out uneven ends.
They can be used for making crosscuts and angled crosscuts along pieces, and they can also be used to create various wood joints and specialty woodworking pieces too.
Having a good table saw is crucial for any handyman or DIY purposes because there are so many different things that a table saw can do. It is a very versatile tool that can cut through a variety of materials and can be used for a wide range of purposes.
There are four main table saw types for you to choose from, each of which has their own special features, their own uses, and their advantages and drawbacks too. Let’s go over what the different types of table saws are because if you want to get the right one for you, you will need to know the difference.
As you will quickly realize, each saw is meant for a slightly different purpose, and which saw you get will depend on the purpose you need it for.
Cabinet saws are by far the biggest, heaviest, and most powerful of all table saws. Just like their name implies, they’re often integrated into a full wooden cabinet. These things can weigh well over 500 or even 600 pounds with everything included, especially the cabinet itself. These saws are ideal for very big projects that require a lot of cutting space and power.
The cabinet that they come with can be as big as 15 by 8 feet, which means that they provide you with a lot of space to work on big projects, such as ripping big sheets of plywood. Due to their size and weight, the cabinet saw is a purely shop oriented saw that is very immobile and cannot be moved from one spot to another.
The cabinet saw has the most powerful motor of all table saws which produces between 3 and 5 horsepower. The motor is enclosed in the cabinet, which protects the motor from damage and sawdust intrusion. The cabinet itself is quite convenient because it usually comes with drawers to store all of your tools.
Cabinet table saws tend to have a machined cast iron table that is very heavy and very smooth. The weight of these saws may not be great for mobility, but it does reduce vibration and noise. Moreover, the trunnions and gears on cabinet saws are usually very big, thick, and are made for heavy duty use. Also, these things have a huge ripping capacity, a ton of features, and good dust collection capabilities as well.
Pretty much the opposite of the cabinet saw, the contractor saw is a type of table saw ideal for contractors on the go, hence the name. These things are built to be lightweight and fairly small to make them portable and easy to move from one job site to another. A contractor saw can weigh anywhere from 200 to 300, making them pretty portable.
Unlike the cabinet saw where the table top is made of cast iron, the contractor saw has a table made of high-grade aluminum. The aluminum is still pretty durable, not quite as much as cast iron, but it is much lighter.
Due to its small size, the contractor saw has a motor that is usually mounted on the outside of the saw instead of the inside, making them a little less durable and resistant to sawdust due to the motor being more exposed than with the cabinet saw.
The motor on the contractor saw can usually produce anywhere from 1 to 1.75 horsepower, which is significantly less than the cabinet saw. Also, the trunnions on the contractor saw are usually lightweight and thin, and the blade is belt-driven.
These things usually come with their own fairly heavy duty stand, and may even have a cart with wheels to increase their portability even more.
The contractor saw is specifically designed for portability and on the go use, and thus it does sacrifice some workspace and power. The outboard motor also means that they need a longer belt, plus their lighter weight also increases the vibration and noise that they make.
These were originally designed as portable saws, however, with the emergence of both hybrid and bench top table saws, many people now use the contractor saw for stationary purposes.
The bench top table saw is by far the most portable and lightweight of all saws. These things are meant to be portable beyond anything else, and that is exactly what they focus on. The bench top saw can weight as little as 50 pounds and up to 150 or even 200 pounds for the really heavy ones. While these things are very portable, due to their light weight, they do sacrifice some power and abilities.
They have an outboard motor that has no covering, thus making it susceptible to the elements, plus because of the light belt drive motor as well as their light weight build, these saws tend to suffer from a lot of vibration, they can be pretty noisy too. Finding a bench top table saw with more than 1 horsepower is usually not viable, as the focus is on being lightweight, not powerful.
These are ideal for small jobs and working on small DIY projects, though some contractors may choose to use them for simple jobs. Their limited power does mean that they are only ideal for cutting through softer materials.
Moreover, they do not have very much ripping capacity, their features will be limited, and they usually don’t come with any dust collection abilities. What is convenient about these things is that the often come with a portable and foldable open leg stand, or may even come with a nifty cart to increase portability.
The hybrid table saw is a combination of the previous table saw types and makes for a good middle ground. The hybrid table saw is pretty much a combination of the lighter contractor saw and the heavier cabinet saw.
More or less, you can expect a hybrid table saw to perform like a high-end cabinet saw, but be more portable like a contractor saw, or small smaller versions even have the portability of a bench top saw.
These usually have anywhere from 2 to 3 horsepower to turn the blade, making them ideal for cutting through a variety of materials. While they can’t handle the most durable of materials like a cabinet saw, they are still far more powerful than the average contractor saw.
Hybrid table saws usually have an inboard motor that is well encased, and thus protected from the elements and from sawdust, and they usually have a belt drive induction motor.
Regarding space, you are going to get an average amount, with the hybrid saw having a lot more space than a bench top or contractor saw, but also substantially less than a full-size cabinet saw. Some hybrid table saws have an enclosed stand included, but some also have open leg stands.
A hybrid table saw will also usually have a fair number of accessories and will feature dust collection capabilities too. Don’t get it wrong, while these are a good middle ground between the cabinet and contractor saw, they are still considered to be too bulky and heavy to be portable in any way.
Not only do you have to consider what type of table saw you want to get, but you still want to look at their individual features. While what we discussed above is usually true regarding each table saw, every saw is different and may deviate from the standard path.
Therefore, here are the different features which you want to consider before you purchase any table saw. Remember to always weigh your own needs against the features of a particular saw to come to the right choice. Buying a saw is like cutting with one, you want to measure twice and cut once because the other way around just doesn’t work.
One of the things that is important to when buying a table saw is what the possible blade elevation and tilt/bevel is. How high you can elevate the blade above the table will determine how thick of materials you can cut through. A good table saw should be able to elevate the blade at least 3.25 inches to deal with big pieces.
Keep in mind that bigger and more stationary saws such cabinet saws will usually be able to elevate the blade higher than smaller saws such as a bench top saw. On that same note, the blade tilt or blade bevel of a particular table saw is also important for making longer angled cuts.
A good table saw will have a blade bevel that ranges from vertical to -2 degrees to the right and 45 degrees to the left. Once again, this capability will depend on the size or type of table saw that you get. Just remember to think about your own needs when determining how much blade bevel and elevation you need your table saw to have.
Another important thing to keep your eye on is a good table too. Your table saw needs to have a smooth and flat table top no matter what. This will help facilitate a smooth glide of the wood through the blade, plus it will help ensure accuracy too.
Keep in mind that bigger saws like cabinet saws will usually have precision machine manufactured cast iron table tops, which are generally very big, very heavy, but also very well made.
On the other hand, smaller saws such as bench top saws will usually have and aluminium table top which is lighter, but also a little less durable than cast iron. Try to avoid getting a table saw that has a plastic table top.
There are various safety features which you should look out for, all of which will make cutting much easier and of course much safer too.
A riving knife also helps to stop workpiece rotation in the middle of cutting, which helps to increase your ease of cutting and the accuracy too. Bigger models such as cabinet saws will usually always come with one of these, while smaller contractor or bench top saws may not, but most can accommodate an aftermarket add-on either way.
Also, a blade guard can often be adjusted for height to suit various projects, and some even have dual wings which can be separately adjusted for even more versatility. A blade guard is something that virtually every table saw comes with.
This is because the teeth face one direction, and if the wood starts to move back, they will dig into the piece slightly to stop it from moving back more. This is a feature that many modern saws come with, yet there is still, smaller table saws such as the bench top saw which may not have this feature.
A blade brake system usually works by the blade sensing contact with your skin through conductive electricity, and when it registers contact it stops the blade from spinning in a fraction of a second. This is a great new feature that has saved many people from permanent injury and maiming.
The portability feature is something that you definitely want to pay attention to, especially if you plan on moving the saw around a lot or want to take it from one jobsite to another. This will depend on your own needs because if you only need a table saw for at home shop use, the portability issue is not all that important. That being said, if you need a portable table saw, you will want to make sure that it is not too big or too heavy.
What this means is that a portable table saw is most likely going to be a bench top saw or a contractor saw, while cabinet and hybrid models are usually going to be too bulky to move anywhere.
Another thing that helps with portability is if the saw comes with some kind of rolling cart that lets you set it up into a stand, and allows you to fold it down, make a cart, and pull the saw around.
Yet another thing to pay attention to is how much cutting capacity the saw in question has. This does come down to how big the table of your saw is, as well as how big the whole thing is in general.
The bigger your table saw table, the higher cutting capacity it will have. Simply put, depending on your needs, you want to make sure that the table is big enough, and that the fence system is adequate to cut the size of workpiece that you are working with.
Once again, cabinet and hybrid saws are just bigger, so they are going to have more capacity than a smaller bench top, or contractor table saw. The size of the table top (and the possible extension you can get for it) is not the only deciding factor of cutting or ripping capacity. Another important aspect here is the fence itself.
A good fence will allow for somewhere around one foot or more of ripping capacity so you can rip long and wide boards. Keep in mind that larger saws such as a cabinet saw will automatically have more rip capacity than a smaller saw such as a bench top model.
Many newer table saws do come with a telescoping fence that can extend several feet to the right of the blade to increase rip capacity, a feature that even some smaller table saws have.
On a side note, the fence does need to have a secure clamping mechanism to stay in one exact place while you rip or cut, plus it should be placed on easy to move rails. Also, the fence should be easily adjusted and able to be perfectly paralleled to the blade within a matter of minutes.
The next feature that makes a good table saw is a decent miter gauge. A miter gauge is something that you need to make cross cuts with complete accuracy and ease. A miter gauge will usually rest on a standard T-slot miter slot so it can easily move back and forth. Keep in mind that most miter gauges can be replaced with other sleds or accessories, but that is usually only the case if your particular table saw has a standard T-slot.
Some table saws do not have standard slots which will make adding after-market add-ons quite difficult. A miter gauge should be able to rotate at least 45 degrees to the left and to the right to accommodate for various angled crosscuts.
Moreover, to adjust the miter gauge, the table saw should have a simple to turn spindle wheel. If you are planning on getting a table saw, this is a feature that virtually everyone needs.
Something else you should consider before making a purchase is what kind of stand the table saw in question has, or if it has a stand at all. A cabinet saw will come enclosed in a cabinet, so of course, it has its own stand. A hybrid table saw will also usually come with some kind of stand and may even have wheels.
A contractor may come with some kind of portable folding stand, and a bench top saw while being compatible with many stands, is usually designed to just sit on top of a work bench or normal table.
It is up to you to weigh your own needs to figure out what kind of stand you need. Some table saws, such as larger cabinet saws or hybrid saws, will have a completely enclosed stand where the motor is concealed on the inside, thus protecting the motor, but also making the saw heavier and less portable.
Smaller models such as the contractor saw or bench top saw will usually have open legged stands. These are much lighter, more portable, and may fold down into a small package for convenience, but they also do not do as good a job at protecting the motor as an enclosed case and stand. If you do get a table saw that does not already have a stand included in the build, you can always get one so long as it is compatible with your model of saw.
This is something that we touched on before, but the point is that you will want to make sure that you get a table saw that is powerful enough to get through anything you need to cut. This will, of course, depend on your own needs and what you will be doing with the thing. A smaller table saw with a 1 or 2 horsepower motor will probably do for smaller at home and DIY jobs, and for cutting softer materials such as some woods.
However, if you are going to be using the table saw for big projects and tough materials such as hardwood, tiles, ceramics, and metals, you are going to want a bigger table saw that has between 3 and 5 horsepower. Like we said before the bigger hybrid and cabinet saw models are going to have more powerful motors than the smaller bench top and contractor saw models.
The final feature you should look for in a good table saw is the ability to collect dust or at least one that has a dust port where you can hook up an aftermarket dust collection system. Once again, this capability will depend on the type of saw you get. Smaller bench top and contractor says will usually not come with a dust collection system included, nor do they usually have the ability to hook one up.
On the other hand, hybrid table saws will usually come with the ability to hook up a dust collection unit, and cabinet saw will generally have a full blown dust collection system already included. If you don’t have a problem with sweeping up some sawdust, then this is a feature that you may not need to pay so much attention to.
When it comes to table saws, they always come with a range of features, but they can usually still do more. Doing more with a table saw usually means getting some extra accessories. Here are just a few accessories that you can consider getting to make your table saw cutting experience both easier and safer too.
A simple little accessory that you can buy to make cutting much safer is a push stick. A push stick is usually just a smaller piece of wood with a handle and a protruding edge which lets you hook it onto the piece of wood you are cutting and push it through. This allows you to keep your fingers at a safe distance for the blade so as to not risk cutting one of them off.
The other choice is an extension wing and these help to increase the width of your table which is convenient for wide pieces, especially for ripping things such as big planks of plywood. These extension wings can extend the width of your table saw on either side of the blade by several feet.
If your table saw does not come already with its own stand, you can always choose to get one. Like we touched on before, a cabinet or hybrid saw always comes with a stand, but that is not the case with all contractor and bench top models. Getting a stand eliminates the need for a work bench or table and it makes setting up your table saw in various places quick and easy.
A stand can be a solid one-piece stand, some can fold down to size for easy transportation, and some even come in the form of a folding cart with wheels to make it even more portable than ever. One thing to keep in mind is that most table saw models are only compatible with particular stands, so be sure to get the right one for your particular saw.
There are many different table saw jigs or sleds out there which you can choose from. There are miter sled jigs which increase the miter gauge capacity of your table saw, there are small parts jigs which makes cutting very small pieces easy, and there are bowl jigs which are specifically designed for cutting circular bowls.
There are also chair seat cutting jigs, jigs to make building a pyramid easy, and jigs to elevate your work piece as well. Plus there are also a wide range of jigs that make it easy to create wood joints such as miter joints, finger joints, box joints, dovetail joints, and much more.
Simply put, whatever the purpose may be, there is usually always a jig that you can get to make the job at hand much easier than it would otherwise be.
The final accessory that you should consider getting, if your particular table saw does not already come with one, is a dust collection system. A good dust collection system will consist of some kind of vacuum as well as a bag to store the dust in.
This is an accessory that makes clean up time much easier. Keep in mind that some smaller saw options will not have the ability to connect a dust collection unit.
Table saws are of course very useful tools, but as is the case with almost anything you buy, the brand name of the saw in question can go a pretty long way in determining the overall quality of the saw that you get. Here are some of the best, most reliable, and most trusted brand names that you should definitely keep an eye out for.
Maintaining your table saw is a very important thing to do if you want to keep it in prime condition and top working order for as long as possible. No, a table saw will not last you until the end of time, because like all machines with moving parts, something is bound to break down after prolonged use, especially when you put it through a lot of stress.
However, a good maintenance schedule can make all the difference between a saw that only lasts for one year, and one that lasts for ten years.
Perhaps the most important thing to note when it comes to table saw maintenance is to keep a steady and strict schedule as this is the best way to ensure that your table saw will always be in working condition. As a general rule of thumb, you should perform regular maintenance on your saw at least once per week if you use the thing for more than one hour per day on a daily basis.
A very important thing to always do is to clean out all sawdust and debris. These unwanted intruders can cause your motor to give out, your blade to seize up, it can obstruct your vision when cutting, and they can cause unnecessary damage to many parts of your saw.
Simply open up all compartments and take apart the saw and clean it out with a soft brush or tamp cloth. One thing not to do is to use compressed air to get rid of sawdust as it can damage electrical components and can actually force sawdust deeper into the cracks instead of cleaning it out.
One quick piece of maintenance to perform on a regular basis is lubing. Simply put, you should always make sure that all of the moving parts of your saw are well lubricated. This will prevent excessive grinding, it will stop parts from seizing up, and it will make the saw run much smoother.
The next important thing to do regarding maintenance is to keep the miter gauge in working order. You need to make sure that the miter gauge is tight enough to not wiggle when in use, but also loose enough to be able to move back and forth in the slot. To adjust the tightness, simply use an Allen wrench or another appropriate tool.
The other thing you need to do is to make sure that the blade and miter gauge are parallel to ensure accurate cross cuts. You can do this through time-tested manual adjustment and paralleling methods or you can also use a special paralleling tool too.
Yet another crucial thing to check every now and then is how the belt and pulley of your table saw is holding up. The belt is what drives the blade to move and is a very important component of the average table saw. If your belt shows any signs of wear and tear, has rips, or lumps, you will more than likely need to replace it.
The other thing that you need to do is to make sure that the belt is properly aligned with the pulley and the belt drive on their respective sides. You will have to read your owner’s manual to do this as it is a fairly difficult process. That being said, it is very important because a misaligned pulley and belt drive can cause your saw blade to not move at top speeds, to shake, and maybe even to seize up completely.
The next thing to do in terms of maintenance is to make sure that the fence is parallel to the blade. You can do this by using a special paralleling tool or by using two blocks of wood that are the exact same length.
Simply measure the distance from the front of the blade to the fence and from the back of the blade to the fence, then make adjustments accordingly. This is important for ripping because a fence that is not parallel to the blade will result in uneven cuts.
Something else to do during maintenance is to check the blade. First and foremost, if the blade has any cracks or broken teeth it will need to be replaced without a doubt. You should also make sure that everything holding the blade in place is in one piece and firmly attached. A broken or loosely attached blade can be very dangerous.
When it comes to maintaining the table top itself, always make sure to never leave anything sticky on the surface such as juice because that will make moving the wood back and forth quite difficult.
Also, the table needs to be as smooth as can be to facilitate a good glide, therefore if your table has any scratches you are going to want to polish or buff them out very lightly. Moreover, to prevent the table from rusting, you can treat it with special wax or an anti-rust formula. Rust is a very bad thing for any table saw top to have.
The final thing to be done regarding maintenance is to check the wiring. The wiring in your table saw is what carries the current and powers the blade, and without solid wiring you may as well not have a table saw, to begin with.
Simply take apart the housing on the motor and all other electrical components, use a wattage measuring tool to see if everything is in working order, and make sure that all wires are properly connected, plus make sure that the wires are not damaged in any way. If you have any of these problems, you may need to replace certain electrical components.
As you can see, there is a whole lot of thought that needs to go into buying a new table saw. You need to consider all of the different types, what each of their uses are, what the features are that you need, what accessories you may want, what brand name to get, and a whole lot more. Plus, once you have your table saw you will need to perform regular maintenance on it.
As long as you keep in mind everything that we have talked about you should have no problem choosing the best saw for you and keeping it in prime condition for as long as humanly possible. Any questions or concerns you may have are always more than welcome.
A table saw is a carpenter’s best friend if the saw is not well maintained, that table saw can quickly turn from being your best friend to your worst enemy.
A table saw, if not well maintained is not going to work too well, it’s going to make a lot of noise, it can create bad smells, and potentially smoke. The bottom line is that a table saw with parts that are not taken care of can end up being quite dangerous. Luckily for you, we are here to discuss how you can take care of the various parts of your table saw, so it will remain your best friend for years to come.
Before we get into the ins and outs of maintaining the various parts of your table saw, it is important to note how often you should be performing these maintenance checks.
The more you use the table saw, the more you will need to maintain it. If you use the saw for at least 1 hour on a daily basis, you should perform these quick maintenance checks every week, or every 2 weeks at most.
Some things, like making sure that the miter gauges and fences are aligned properly is something you may want to do every time you start up your table saw.
It is better to do too much maintenance than too little, and if you notice any problems occurring, never hesitate to do maintenance.
Sawdust can end up being fairly dangerous for your table saw, it can clog electrical circuits, clog the electric starter, it can obstruct moving parts such as your belt drive, the pulley, and various parts in the motor, and an excessive buildup of it may even cause smoke and fires. Therefore it is extremely important to clean away any and all sawdust that you can find.
On a side note, other debris such as chunks of wood, ceramic, metal, and anything else that you cut with your table saw may also invade the various nooks and crannies that make up your table saw.
Before you do anything, make sure that the table saw is unplugged and has no power flowing through it.
You want to take apart anything that sawdust may be able to get into. This includes things like the fence, the miter gauge, the sawdust collector vacuum and the collector tube, the housing on the saw, the various parts of the motor, and the saw guard.
An important thing to note is that an effective sawdust collection system will drastically reduce the amount of time that you need to spend cleaning away sawdust. When you do sawdust cleaning, don’t forget the collection system itself.
You should use a shop vacuum to suck up as much of the debris as you can, and then follow that up with a damp cloth to wipe up the rest of the sawdust.
On a side note, you should not use compressed air to blow away sawdust because the strong air may damage electrical components, it may even blow sawdust further into the cracks as opposed to removing it.
After you have removed sawdust from as many places as is humanly possible, you want to lubricate all of the moving parts of your table saw. A high-grade lubricant will ensure that things continue to run smoothly and will keep them from wearing down too quickly.
The miter gauge is, of course, the tool that you use to make a cross cut with table saws and to keep making cross cuts accurately you will need to keep it in working condition. You need to check that the miter bar fits snugly against your table, but is also loose enough to slide back and forth properly.
If the bar is too snug, it won’t move right and will cause you problems when doing cross cuts. On the other hand, a bar that is too loose will move back and forth to quickly, and may also cause your wood to move in unwanted directions when making cuts.
To get this right, you can use a small Allen wrench to adjust the insert to the right snugness. Some miter bars may not have this feature, in which case you can always replace the original miter bar with a steel bar that does have this adjustment feature.
The second check that you need to do is making sure the miter gauge slots and the saw blade are parallel. If the two items are not parallel, you can cut as you will, and you will never get the accurate results that you are looking for.
The simplest way to check this aspect is by using a special table saw parallelism checking tool. This is a tool that fits into the miter slots and then gives you readings of the parallel against the saw blade. If the reading is different from the front of the slot to the back of the slot, your blade and miter slot are not parallel.
Another option regarding checking the blade and miter slot parallelism is to clamp a piece of square cut wood down over the slot, with the front touching the saw blade slightly. Now move the piece of wood from the front of the slot to the back, and thus from the front of the blade to the back.
If there are any differences in spacing in between the wood and blade from front to back, your miter slot and saw blade are not parallel to each other. On a side note, to make sure that any discrepancies in parallelism are not caused by a warped blade, turn the blade 180 degrees and take measurements again.
If the measurements are different when the blade has been turned, the miter slot and blade may actually be parallel, and the differences in measurement are actually due to a bent blade.If this testing shows you that there is more than a 0.003 inch discrepancy between the front and back of the blade when compared to the miter slot, you will want to realign the miter and the blade.
You can reset the parallel on your table saw by shifting the position of the table saw’s rear trunnion on the underside of the table saw. You can move the trunnion left or right to make the necessary adjustments.
Make sure to tighten the bolts of the trunnions securely once you have made adjustments. Once you have done this, redo the test to see if the blade and miter slot are now parallel to each other. Remember to add some lubricant to keep the miter gauge moving properly.
One very important part of your table saw is the belt, which is the item that connects the belt drive on the motor to the pulley on the saw blade. The belt is one of the parts that can wear away quickly.
If the belt shows any sign of wear and tear, you will probably want to replace it because it may snap after prolonged use.
The place where the belt is connected to form a loop is fairly susceptible to forming lumps, something which will make the belt not run smoothly and will make a lot of noise, it may even cause the belt to fall off the drive or pulley.
If your belt has lumps or dents, you will also want to replace it, as fixing it is nearly impossible and replacing it is not all that expensive.
Since the belt is connected to the drive on one side and the pulley on the other, you will also want to make sure that the two are well aligned. If the belt is crooked or bent when attached to both the motor’s belt drive and the pulley, you will need to do some realigning.
This can be a fairly difficult process, one which will require you to read the user’s manual on your table saw to figure out which tools you will need and what process you will need to follow to complete the realignment.
Something that you really don’t want is a fence that is closer to the blade in the back than it is to the front because this may cause the wood or other material you are cutting to pinch against the blade, and that will cause inaccuracies when cutting and can also cause the wood to fly up into your face.
The easiest way to check if the fence is parallel to the blade is by putting two pieces of wood which have been squared and are identical in length at the miter slots closest to the fence, both at the front and back of the miter slots.
Now lock the fence down with the pieces of wood just a little bit away from it. Check the distance from each piece of wood to the fence to discover any discrepancies in distance. Ideally speaking, the back of the fence should be something like 0.001 inches further away from the wood piece than at the front of the fence, something that will allow you some clearance when making cuts.
You can use a plain old measuring stick, a measuring tape, or a feeler gauge to accurately measure the distance between the wood chunks and the fence. If the gaps aren’t ideal, you can loosen the fence by loosening the screws or bolts which hold the fence down, reposition the fence as needed, and re-tighten the bolts or screws.
One thing that you should always check on your table saw is the blade. After all, without a good blade, you aren’t going to get accurate and smooth cuts. Make sure that it is sharp, and if it isn’t, your best bet is to bring it to a professional for sharpening.
If any teeth are chipped or even broken off, your table saw blade will definitely need replacement. When the teeth of your table saw are not in good condition it can cause kickback and rough cuts, things you definitely do not want.
You should also make sure that the various components, such as the nuts and bolts, which hold the blade in place are in one piece and firmly secured.
Loose nuts and bolts will cause your blade to wobble when you make cuts, which is, of course, something else that you don’t want. Just make sure that everything holding the blade in place is attached securely.
Another important aspect of maintaining your table saw is to do with the various wires which pass the electrical current from the outlet to and through the motor. This may require you to look at the user’s manual, but checking the wiring is a pretty important thing to do.
You will want to take the housing off of the motor as well as the electrical box to ensure that all wires are firmly connected and that there are no rips, tears, or any kind of damage to the wires. Any type of damage to the wiring should be immediately fixed, probably with the help of a professional.
Keep in mind that wires aren’t too expensive, so if they are damaged, replacement is most likely your best option to go with. The thing about maintaining the wiring is that most people only do it when something goes wrong or the table saw won’t function anymore, but if you really want to stay on top of things you should check the wiring every few months at a minimum.
Your table top and outfeed should be as smooth as can be. Just keep in mind that you don’t want to put anything on the table top that may scratch the surface, as this will make smoothly passing the wood through the blade a challenge.
If there are any scratches, you may want to gently polish them away, while also remembering not to compromise the overall quality and form of the table top. Also, use some warm water and a polishing agent to remove and residue or sticky debris which may be getting in your way.
Another problem that you may encounter with your table saw’s top is rust. If you notice any rust building up, you can use some wax, de-rusting agent, and a piece of fine sandpaper to remove it.
Maintaining your table saw is the best way to keep it operational for as long as can be, and maintenance should often be performed to keep more serious issues from arising.
All of the major components which we discussed above should be checked and maintained on a fairly regular basis to keep your table saw from turning from your best friend into your worst enemy.
A scroll saw, which comes in a large variety with a multitude of speeds and throat capacities, is a compact but effective machine which works excellently with thin wood. Depending on their construction, scroll saws may be the C-arm or parallel arm types, and can be used to make name tags, clocks, small furniture etc., in a wide range of designs by working on thin wood. From decorative to utility items, a scroll saw can help create all kinds of woodcraft, using freehand cutting. Modern scroll saws, interestingly, don’t just help cut wood but also metal and some other materials.
The process of using a scroll saw is quite easy, as long as you go step by step, following the sequence correctly. The http://www.wikihow.com/Use-a-Scroll-Saw is a good resource guide for this purpose. It takes you through the process of cutting intricate joints and curves with the fine blade of a scroll saw in a simple, easy-to-follow directions.
If you correctly follow the instructions, without deviating from them, there’s no reason for you to go wrong. Depending on whether you’re using an electric or a pedal-operated saw, you may find the pressure levels and strength required in doing the job varying. Either way, the end result will be to your satisfaction if you follow the steps provided.
As you can guess, the sharpness of the blade is a key factor in ensuring ease of cutting. Generally, the blade used is not a continuous loop type but is a reciprocating one. So you can actually remove the blade and put it through a pre-drilled starting hole.
This way, you can easily make interior cutouts without the need for an entry slot. Furthermore, the finer the blade, in terms of its teeth and width, the more intricate the curves it can create. In fact, a real fine blade will help create curves that are more intricate than the narrowest of band-saw blade gauge.
As mentioned earlier, there’s large variety of scroll saws you can choose from. Classification generally relates to the size of the saw throat, or the distance between the blade and the rear frame.
The deeper the throat, the larger the wood piece you can cut with the saw. Generally speaking, a 12” throat is considered small while you can have throat size of 30” or so in commercial saws. Then there are some manually built industrial saws which can be used to make objects that are even larger—it’s done by hanging the top mechanical part of it from the ceiling. However, that’s not so common these days in this age of computer automation.
Cost is another factor that determines the type of saw—the more expensive ones are designed for higher accuracy and more ease of use, mainly because of the minimal vibration they trigger.
Moving on the pivot table is what gives the scroll saw the ability to make intricate curves in wood and metal craft. Nowadays, tables are equipped with a tilting feature which allows you to cut at angles, as required, with minimum effort. Then of course there’s the variable speed attribute, which you can use to ensure greater control while accurately and quickly cutting intricate patterns and designs. Scroll saws are now commonly used with modern intarsia, along with jigsaws and band saws.
Like all devices of its kind, a scroll saw is also high on safety, with its design features carrying built-in protection for the user. You’ll find most of these saws having sufficient light on its flexible arm to illuminate the work station. Also, a dust blower nozzle usually helps keep the work space clean.
However, caution is urged in the use of a scroll saw, which means you need to be really careful while cutting with one. If you end up getting your finger in contact with the blade, even inadvertently, it may result in serious injury. Hence, be sure to follow all the guidelines for the use of a scroll saw with total care, and don’t allow it to fall into the hands of kids.
It’s evident that, if used correctly and sequentially, a scroll saw can do wonders in terms of creating intricate wood, and even metal, designs. While the process of its use is simple and clear enough, it’s really all about practice and more practice, and you can make your creations more innovative with a few easy tips and tricks; check out http://www.tablesawz.com/best-scroll-saw/.
To better illuminate the work area, you can use additional lighting with your saw. Then, since the blade is what makes all the difference to the cutting quality, you need to ensure it has the right amount of tension so that it doesn’t break—you should ideally set the tension at a point where plucking the blade triggers a ping sound.
Retrieval of the blades in order to minimize wastage is another useful thing to learn while using a scroll saw. If you’re using plywood, you may want to ensure that it doesn’t get warped, for which you should store it on a dry and flat surface, with a heavy wood piece on top of it.
These simple tips will go a long way towards enhancing your experience with a scroll saw, and the resultant creations will reflect the improved excellence.